Belt And Road Initiative Agreements

1) The Belt and Road Initiative has been included in important documents of international organizations. The initiative and its key concepts have been written in documents from the United Nations, the G20, APEC and other international and regional organizations. In July 2015, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization issued the “UFA Declaration of Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization”, which shows its support for the Silk Road Economic Belt Initiative. In September 2016, at the G20 Summit in Hangzhou, the G20 “Heads of State and Government Communiqué” supported an initiative to create the Global Infrastructure Connectivity Alliance. In November 2016, the 193 UN member states adopted by consensus a resolution welcoming the Silk Road initiative and other economic cooperation initiatives and calling on the international community to create a secure environment for these initiatives. In March 2017, the UN Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2344, which calls on the international community to strengthen regional economic cooperation through the Silk Road Initiative and other development initiatives, while anchoring the concept of a “community with a common future for humanity”. In January 2018, the second ministerial meeting of the China-Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) Forum was held in Santiago and adopted the “Special Declaration on the Silk Road Initiative”. In July of the same year, the eighth ministerial meeting of the China Arab States Cooperation Forum (CASCF) was convened in Beijing, which adopted the “Declaration of Action on Cooperation between China and the Arab Countries of the Belt and Road Cooperation”. In September, the FOCAC summit in Beijing adopted the “Beijing Declaration – Towards an Even Stronger China-Africa Community with a Common Future” and the “Beijing Action Plan of the Forum for China-Africa Cooperation (2019-2021)”. 2) Successful results in education and training.

The Chinese Government-Silk Road Scholarship Program has been set up and China has signed agreements with 24 B&R countries on the mutual recognition of university degrees. In 2017, 38,700 students from other B&R countries studied in China with scholarships from the Chinese government, which represents 66 percent of students who receive such scholarships. Other B&R scholarships are awarded to SARs in Hong Kong and Macau. China has opened 153 Confucius Institutes and 149 Confucius Classrooms in 54 B&R countries. The Chinese Academy of Sciences offers master`s and doctoral scholarships for other B&R countries and conducts scientific and technological trainings that have trained about 5,000 students from other B&R countries. Relations between men are the cultural basis for the construction of the Silk Road. It is the common dream of all peoples to enjoy a peaceful and prosperous life. Over the past five years, B&R countries have conducted diplomatic activities and cultural exchanges in different forms in broad areas, improved mutual understanding and recognition, and created a solid cultural basis for promoting the initiative. (2) Steady progress in international cooperation in the field of industrial development and third markets.

Since the faster growth of B&Ds has created huge market demands for international industrial cooperation, China has taken active measures to encourage market-oriented industrial cooperation with relevant countries in all fields, so as to improve the industrial structure and increase the level of industries in these countries. At present, China has signed industrial cooperation agreements with more than 40 countries, including Kazakhstan, Egypt, Ethiopia and Brazil. . . .

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