The Beijing government has set two conditions for restoring relations: that the Holy See “not interfere in religious affairs in China” and that it sever, in accordance with Beijing`s one-China policy, the relations with the Taipeh government that it established after the expulsion of Bishop Riberi, who, since the recognition by the United Nations of the Beijing government as a Chinese government, only maintain them at the level of the trade agreement. He did it.  The Holy See has suggested that it will have no difficulties with the second condition, but that it requires a discussion of the concrete meaning of the first.  The main point of content concerning the appointment of Catholic bishops in mainland China, now appointed by the Chinese Patriotic Catholic Association (CPCA), at certain times, in agreement with the Holy See, at other times, in direct contradiction with their declared wishes. The position of the PRC government is that bishops should be appointed themselves; The Holy See is the view that bishops can only be appointed by the Pope while, in some cases, some form of consultation with civil authorities must be taken into consideration.  “The main objective” of the Agreement on the Appointment of Bishops in China “is to support and promote the proclamation of the Gospel in this country and to restore the full and visible unity of the Church.” The announcement extended by two years a landmark 2018 agreement that ended decades of power struggle for the right to appoint bishops in China, despite concerns about religious freedom and human rights in the country. However, since the signing of the agreement, only two bishops have been appointed in China and their appointments had already been agreed long before by both sides. An informed source told America that more episcopal appointments are expected soon. Nevertheless, the delay in processing deadlines has prompted some observers, also given the situation created by Covid-19, which began in late 2019 in China and now appears to be under control, has prompted some observers to question Beijing`s political will to implement its part of the agreement. The Vatican justified the extension on the basis that the agreement was purely ecclesiastical and pastoral, not political, although it said that continued dialogue would allow for the discussion of other issues, including human rights violations.
On October 22, the Holy See and China announced that they had agreed to extend the provisional agreement on the appointment of bishops by two years. . . .